Biodiversity ציבורי
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(English below) 土壤是一個複雜的三度空間結構🍂🌱, 有著迷宮般的物理構造、錯綜的化學環境、多樣的食物資源、以及水與氧氣的梯度變化等龐雜因子, 這些全都壓縮在土壤這小小的空間裡。 而居住在裡面的生物除了和環境有交互作用外,物種之間之內也有交互作用。 這些過程造就了現今地下生物多樣性與群落結構。🕷🐌🐜 在這裡我們將聊聊土壤生物多樣性、群落生態與演化。 藉由文獻閱讀來分享土壤生態相關的科學新知,以及聊聊我們自己的研究經歷與想法。 歡迎各位收聽~ -- Facebook專頁: www.facebook.com/SoilBioDivPaper ---------- Welcome to listening to the podcast on soil biodiversity! 🍂🕷🐌🐜🌱 Soil ecosystem is amazing and is one of the most biodiverse terrestrial habitats. Here we discuss scientific papers on soil biota, community ec ...
 
The transition 11,700 years ago from the Pleistocene glacial period into the Holocene interglacial witnessed the expansion of humans around the world, climatic warming and the demise of many large vertebrate species. Since that time extinctions have continued on land and in the sea, culminating with the biodiversity crisis we are experiencing today. We explored these prehistoric extinctions—Who? When? Where? and Why?—in order to learn more about our planet’s future. Students then translated ...
 
Exploring Arizona Life Science Research and Biodiversity with the Tree of Life Web Project. The series focuses on Sonoran Desert biodiversity and research at the University of Arizona. The Bugs of the Month sub-series features entomologist Carl Olson. The work of the general community, teachers and learners is also showcased, and we welcome contributors from all walks of life, as well as features that highlight the connections between cultural and biological diversity.
 
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👉 這一集是四月份的最後一個部分-part 4,我們分享了三篇文章: 10.在時間動態下高山鳥類群落沿海拔梯度的空間異質性 doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14045 García-Navas, V., Sattler, T., Schmid, H. & Ozgul, A. (2021) Spatial heterogeneity in temporal dynamics of Alpine bird communities along an elevational gradient. Journal of Biogeography, 48, 886–902. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 11.大山雀腸道微生物區系、雛鳥體重與雛鳥存活率之間的時間延遲 …
 
👉 這一集是四月份的part 3,我們分享了五篇文章,其中有三篇和「生物地理學」有關,兩篇與「土壤生態」有關: 5.形狀很重要:浮游生物細胞的幾何形狀與多樣性之間的關係 doi.org/10.1111/ele.13680 Ryabov, A., Kerimoglu, O., Litchman, E., Olenina, I., Roselli, L., Basset, A., Stanca, E. & Blasius, B. (2021) Shape matters: the relationship between cell geometry and diversity in phytoplankton. Ecology Letters, 24, 847–861. © 2021 The A…
 
👉 這一集是四月份文章的part 2,我們又分享了兩篇和「生物地理學」有關的研究: 3.風的全球格局塑造樹木的遺傳分化、不對稱基因流動和遺傳多樣性 doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2017317118 Kling, M.M. & Ackerly, D.D. (2021) Global wind patterns shape genetic differentiation, asymmetric gene flow, and genetic diversity in trees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118, e2017317118. 4.海拔差異比競爭作用更有效驅動熱帶蜥蜴輻射演化的形態趨異 doi.or…
 
👉 這一集是四月份文章的part 1,介紹了兩篇和「生物地理學」有關的研究: 1.全球尺度上蘑菇子實體大小的緯度格局與驅動機制 doi.org/10.1111/ele.13678 Bässler, C., Brandl, R., Müller, J., Krah, F.S., Reinelt, A. & Halbwachs, H. (2021) Global analysis reveals an environmentally driven latitudinal pattern in mushroom size across fungal species. Ecology Letters, 24, 658–667. © 2021 The Authors. 2.山區生物由氣候所驅動的生存範…
 
👉 這一集是三月份的文章,介紹了一些生物多樣性、性狀方法與演化、與生物地理的研究: [Trait-based methods] (00:53-04:02) 1.以較平衡的多性狀組合來計算物種間的功能差異 doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.13537 de Bello, F., Botta-Dukát, Z., Lepš, J., & Fibich, P. (2021). Towards a more balanced combination of multiple traits when computing functional differences between species. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 12(3), 443…
 
👉 大家是怎麼獲得相關領域的最新文章呢?📑📊🔗 👉 是不是覺得有趣的文章太多,怎麼追也追不完呢?🙋‍♀️🙋 在這裡我們藉由閱讀文獻,和各位分享有關土壤生物多樣性、生物地理、群落生態與性狀演化的科學新知 我們也會聊聊自己的研究、想法、與經歷 👉 讓我們每月一起來讀讀這些期刊~ Methods in Ecology and Evolution https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/loi/2041210x Ecography https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/loi/16000587 Journal of Biogeography https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/loi/1365269…
 
🗣 Diversity and phylogenetic community structure across elevation during climate change in a family of hyperdiverse neotropical beetles (Staphylinidae) Dolson, S.J., Loewen, E., Jones, K., Jacobs, S.R., Solis, A., Hallwachs, W., Brunke, A.J., Janzen, D.H. & Smith, M.A. Ecography (2021) 44: 740–752 ⛰ 山地系統不同海拔 有用有趣的地方在哪裡? 🐞 隱翅蟲 算是土壤動物吧? (圖示🐞不是隱翅蟲,但剪影…
 
🆕 Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 02.2021 (Part 2) 1. 土壤團聚體中的微生物群落構建:隨機和確定性過程的動態相互作用 doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2021.103911 Microbial community assembly in soil aggregates: A dynamic interplay of stochastic and deterministic processes 2. 在美國德州奧斯汀城市荒野保護區局域空間尺度上微生物群落的功能冗餘顯示其隨機過程 doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnab010 Functional redundancy in local s…
 
🆕 Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 02.2021 (Part 1) 1. 通過系統發育比較方法揭示快速演化的線蟲在農業生境裡占主導地位 doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2021.108183 Agricultural habitats are dominated by rapidly evolving nematodes revealed through phylogenetic comparative methods 2. 爪子的系統發育信號顯示生態因子對加勒比海潮間帶節肢動物的影響 doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-83747-3 Testing for phylogenetic signal…
 
👉 功能性狀 👉 中性脂肪酸 👉 跳蟲演化 👉 系統發育保守性與系統發育信號 👨‍🍳🌱🍄🍔 天哪,這到底在說什麼?㊙️ 文章來源: doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3472 留言討論: www.facebook.com/SoilBioDivPaper/posts/124422432945701 -- 背景音樂: Breathe 演唱: Julia Wu 吳卓源 編曲: Julia Wu 吳卓源, terrytyelee, C-Infamous 作曲: Julia Wu 吳卓源 製作: terrytyelee 發行: ChynaHouse 授權: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/deed.zh_TW 連結: https:/…
 
Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 01.2021 (Part 3) [4 土壤微生物生態 SOIL MICROBIAL ECOLOGY] 4-1 真菌α多樣性影響蘋果園土壤團聚體中細菌和真菌群落構建的隨機性 doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2020.103878 Fungal alpha diversity influences stochasticity of bacterial and fungal community assemblies in soil aggregates in an apple orchard 4-2 真菌群落是枯木細菌群落組成重要的決定因素 doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.0…
 
Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 01.2021 (Part 2) [3 性狀方法與性狀演化 TRAIT APPROACHES and EVOLUTION] 3-1 基於性狀的群落間不相似性量測之文獻回顧與表現評估 doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.06.425560 Review and performance evaluation of trait-based between-community dissimilarity measures 3-2 基於性狀方法預測微生物入侵物種的群落構建與優勢程度 doi.org/10.1111/oik.07694 A trait‐based approach predicting co…
 
Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 01.2021 (Part 1) [1 多維生物多樣性 MULTI-FACETED BIODIVERSITY] 1-1 鳥類的物種、系統發育和功能多樣性對森林棲地破碎化的不同反應 doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76917-2 Different response of the taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity of birds to forest fragmentation 1-2 城市棲地的破碎化導致開花植物的多樣性降低,並對蜜蜂生物多樣性產生連鎖反應 doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78736-…
 
本集是EP3的Part 3,我們會繼續討論Thakur et al. 2020的這篇文章~ 🐣🍡 ...耐心聽完還會有彩蛋哦~ ㊙️ 👉 空間尺度的不同對我們進行土壤生物多樣性的研究時,會是個麻煩,還是是個幫助? 👉 如何設計一個「跨空間尺度」也同時能「跨不同類群」的實驗,來研究土壤生物的交互作用與擴散過程? 討論留言,請至 www.facebook.com/SoilBioDivPaper/posts/114468670607744 -- 👩‍🦰 高梅香 寧波大學 地理與空間信息技術系 教授 👧 姬俏俏 中國科學院 東北地理與農業生態研究所 博士生 -- 🎧 再次收聽: 👨‍🏫 EP1 [綜述] 全面了解土壤生物多樣性 ↓↓↓ open.firstory.me/story/ckjljkht4…
 
咦? 跳蟲是什麼「蟲」? 牠們是跳蚤嗎? 👀 跳蟲對環境和我們,有什麼幫助呢? 讓 🧔 安東・啵塔啵伕 (Anton Potapov) 寫給你看,我來說給你聽~ Ü 文章來源: doi.org/10.3389/frym.2020.545370 作者網頁: sites.google.com/view/antoncollembola/ (Anton Potapov) 跳蟲資源 : 簡介與美照: www.chaosofdelight.org/collembola-springtails 臉書專屬頁: www.facebook.com/springtails 最詳細網站: www.collembola.org 最會跳的蟲: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qu01EUeE5PM 任何…
 
👥 EP3 [討論] - Thakur et al. (2020) - Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity 🗣 Part 2 👉 是「擴散限制」,還是是「擴散」,才是群落構建裡的一個過程呢? 👉 這到底是一個「隨機性」的過程,還是是一個「確定性」的過程呢? -- 文章來源: doi.org/10.1111/brv.12567 任何想法歡迎留言與討論: www.facebook.com/SoilBioDivPaper/posts/110275211027090 -- 👩‍🦰 高梅香 (Meixiang Gao) 寧波大學 地理與空間信息技術系 教授 (lhxy.nbu.edu.cn/info/1259/2693.h…
 
👥 EP3 [討論] - Thakur et al. (2020) - Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity 這一集的節目中,我們邀請到了兩位科學家, 👩‍🦰 高梅香 和 👧‍ 姬俏俏, 和我們一起聊聊她們的研究,以及聽(讀)完Thakur et al. 這篇文章的感想~ 🗣 Part 1 👉 她們當初是因為什麼樣的契機,開始土壤生態的研究呢? 👉 她們在從原本專業領域進入到土壤生態的過程中,有沒有遇到什麼困難? 👉 我們要如何理解土壤生物多樣性,為什麼要把土壤動物的體型分成「大、中、小」三種呢? -- 👩‍🦰 高梅香 (Meixiang Gao) 寧波大學 地理與空間信息技術系 教授 (lhxy.nbu.edu.…
 
Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 12.2020 (Part 3) [6 跨不同營養級的交互作用 MULTI-TROPHIC INTERACTIONS] 6-1 樹木的系統發育多樣性構成了多重營養層級上的群落 doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13722 Tree phylogenetic diversity structures multitrophic communities 6-2 植物的揮發物調控了植物和實蠅之間的演化交互作用,並且相較於非揮發性的防禦機制,揮發物在演化上更為不穩定 doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13414 Plant volatiles mediate evolutionar…
 
Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 12.2020 (Part 2) [4 環境梯度上的群落系統發育 COMMUNITY PHYLOGENETICS along ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS] 4-1 不同的環境驅動因素決定了附生地衣群落在跨歐洲梯度上的多樣性模式 doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8121913 Contrasting environmental drivers determine biodiversity patterns in epiphytic lichen communities along a European gradient 4-2 熱帶地區海拔梯度上驅動鳥類群落構建…
 
Google Scholar - Community phylogenetics - 12.2020 (Part 1) [1 土壤生態研究進展 ADVANCES in SOIL ECOLOGY] 1-1 DNA metabarcoding是一個能打開土壤動物多樣性黑盒子的好方法 doi.org/10.1111/mec.15761 DNA metabarcoding illuminates the black box of soil animal biodiversity 1-2 物種體型大小影響了在大陸和全球尺度下土壤微生物和線蟲的群落構建 doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20271-4 Organism body size structures the soil mi…
 
👉 我們該如何理解複雜的土壤環境,以及住在裡面各式各樣的生物呢? Thakur等人提出了一個好方法,歡迎收聽~ Ü 🍂🕷🐌🐜🌱 文章來源: doi.org/10.1111/brv.12567 作者網頁: www.madhavpthakur.info (Madhav P. Thakur) 任何想法歡迎留言與討論: www.facebook.com/SoilBioDivPaper/posts/103793398341938 -- 背景音樂: Chill 演唱: Julia Wu 吳卓源 編曲: terrytyelee 作曲: terrytyelee, Julia Wu 吳卓源 製作: terrytyelee 發行: ChynaHouse 授權: https://creativecommons.o…
 
🎙 大家好!這裡是一個以聲音(podcasts)為主的分享頻道 在這裡我們談談土壤生物多樣性、群落生態與演化 🍂🌱🕷🐌🐜 藉由閱讀文獻,我們和各位分享有關土壤生態的科學新知,並聊聊我們自己的研究、想法、與經歷 歡迎各位收聽與留言~ 🎧 👉 在這一集節目裡,我跟大家介紹我是誰,以及我為什麼想做podcast。 Facebook粉絲專頁: www.facebook.com/SoilBioDivPaper -- 背景音樂: Breathe 演唱: Julia Wu 吳卓源 編曲: Julia Wu 吳卓源, terrytyelee, C-Infamous 作曲: Julia Wu 吳卓源 製作: terrytyelee 發行: ChynaHouse 授權: https://creativecomm…
 
Hi everyone, my name is Isabel Cardenas and I’ll be talking about the market for bear bile and what it means to farmed bears, wild bears, and North American bears. In parts of Asia, drinking bear bile is a traditional remedy to cure intestinal and heart illnesses1. This has created an enormous market for fresh bear bile. Poachers have decimated the…
 
It seems so innocent. Pretty houses with manicured lawns, several little parks with small grassy fields bordered by metal fences, a few house sparrows hopping around the picnic tables. We’d call it a beautiful town. Unfortunately, this perception of beauty is deadly (Rosenzweig). Hi. My name is Yari and I’m here to provide some urban makeover tips …
 
On an island called Isla Juan Fernandez in the Pacific Ocean there lives a hummingbird that I’ll tell you a bit about today called the Juan Fernandez Firecrown. It is a strikingly beautiful little thing, and it lives only on this one island (Hodum). Today it is threatened for a whole host of reasons, all caused in some way by humans, and exacerbate…
 
Hi I’m Lauren and your listening to “Where did the Dingo Go?”We often think of Australia as a land hopping with kangaroos, wallabies, bilbies and other fuzzy critters. What most people don’t realize is that, despite this apparent diversity, in the last 2 centuries Australia has seen 19 of its unique mammal species become extinct (Johnson 2006) –tha…
 
Why has the Pacific Island of Guam gone from sounding…like this...to a little more like this...Hello again everyone!My name is Joseph, and today I’m reporting to you all from the always beautiful Stanford University. Before we dive in, first a little about me. You see, I was born on the island of Guam 18 years ago. The silence you got a brief glimp…
 
Hello again. Like I said before, I’m Mark Valentine and I’m going to be talking about Megafaunal Extinction and how it affects present and future biodiversity. Before I begin, you probably are going to want to know what exactly Megafauna are. Megafauna are HUGE animals. This would certainly include animals like elephants and giraffes, but also lion…
 
Me: In the last episode, we talked about efforts to save charismatic animals from extinction. In this episode, we ask a very different question: is it ever ok to MAKE an animal go extinct?Not me: Of course not. It's immoral to just wipe a living creature off the face of the earth.Me: Well, let me tell you about an animal I - and the U.N. - think sh…
 
Me: Some call it cuteness, some call it charisma, some even call it animal magnetism: Hi, I’m Jack Werner, and today I’ll be talking about why we try so much harder to conserve likeable species and what this means for endangered animals everywhere.With me is my good friend, Not me.Not me:Hello thereMe:Let’s get to it. From China’s giant pandas to t…
 
The Relationship Between Maize and TeosinteDylan SweetwoodYou probably already know that maize, or corn, is one of the most culturally and commercially important crops in the world, with hundreds of applications in areas from agriculture to energy. But what you may not know is that teosinte, one of corn’s closest genetic relatives, is currently und…
 
Bartholomew: Hey guys. So last week I took my family to the zoo where we watched a show about orangutans. I was a little upset to hear that they’re declining in numbers. Anyway, last night I met up with Nicole Ruiz, a Stanford student interested in orangutan conservation, and she let me in on the little things that make orangutans so special. Tune …
 
Did you hear that?That was the sound of the little brown bat - Myotis lucifugus. They’re everywhere on summer nights, and sometimes if you’re lucky, you’ll get to catch a glimpse of one as it chases mosquitoes through the trees.But go outside right now if you want to, because it’s possible that within the next sixteen years, you won’t be hearing mo…
 
Arizona has the most ant diversity in the USA, with over 300 known species. This video profiles Pogonomyremex, or "pogos" commonly found in the Sonoran Desert of the Southwestern United States. Entomologists and UA Phd Students Kim Franklin and Chris Schmidt, and ToL Learning Materials Editor and Educator Lisa Schwartz spent some time in Chris's ba…
 
Join Brad Lancaster and volunteers planting native Sonoran Desert plants to re-vegetate an urban landscape in Tucson, Arizona. Curb cutting and terraced and mulched basins are two permaculture techniques explored in this episode.
 
University of Arizona Students, UA peace corps fellows and volunteers joined Brad Lancaster, Tucson permaculture expert, for a workshop on water harvesting on the grounds of the Nature Conservancy Headquarters in Tucson, Arizona.
 
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